Know

In Botija

THE CASTRO OF VILLASVIEJAS DE TAMUJA

It is the largest of those found in Extremadura, the one with the best archaeological record, the most abundant in remains. There are several hectares where you can learn about the essence of the Vettonian tribes and the first Roman settlements in the area. Between the 5th and 1st century B.C.

LANDS OF ANCESTRAL CULTURES

The Mancomunidad de Municipios in which it is integrated is that of Montánchez. In the municipality of Botija, about two kilometers from the town, there is an archaeological site from the Second Iron Age, Tamusia, known today as Villasviejas del Tamuja, but it is believed that there is no relationship between this settlement and the origin of Botija. There is documentary evidence of the following:
During the XII century there were several Christian incursions in the region, until in 1230 the definitive Reconquest took place and the Villa de Montánchez and its Land (to which Botija belonged) belonged to the Order of Santiago, according to a privilege of donation of these lands granted by King Alfonso IX, revalidated in 1231 and 1234 by Fernando III. In 1236 a privilege of population and jurisdiction was granted to the town of Montánchez and its land. (The towns that compose it, besides Montánchez, are Albalá, Alcuéscar, Almoharín, Arroyomolinos, Benquerencia, Botija, Casas de Don Antonio, Salvatierra, Torre de Santa María, Torremocha, Valdefuentes, Valdemorales, and Zarza.
The Order of Santiago established from the 13th century onwards an immense lordship in Extremadura, territories that within the Order received the name of Province of León, which in turn were divided “politically” into encomiendas, (Mérida, Alange, Montemolín, Montánchez…) however, there was an ecclesiastical jurisdiction that was based in Llerena and was called the Diocese of San Marcos de León. Thus, BOTIJA belonged to the Encomienda de Montánchez, Province of León and Diocese of San Marcos de León.
Botija belonged to the Order of Santiago and its Diocese until the disappearance of the Military Orders by papal mandate in the last century. Thus, of the fourteen towns that made up the Encomienda de Montánchez, five, Salvatierra, Botija, Benquerencia, Torremocha and Zarza belonged to the Diocese of Coria-Cáceres and the rest to that of Badajoz. However, in 1958 those that belonged to Badajoz were integrated into that of Coria-Cáceres, leaving the ecclesiastical jurisdiction as it is today.

and recognized environmental quality

The environment is extremely well cared for. Extensive cattle raising practices have mainly allowed the conservation of millenary ecosystems. The Dehesa is the system in which the uses are articulated. The climatic characteristics of the area make it a typical Mediterranean ecosystem, with hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. The municipality of Botija enjoys one of the most important pastures of the region, in it there are different types of landscapes related to each other by livestock these are: The mountain where the Mediterranean scrub abounds (rockroses, brooms, lavender) mixed with oaks and pastures that are due to the thinning of the bushes and trees, as well as the action of livestock.

The zoogeography of this municipality is typical of pasture areas with Mediterranean vegetation. The most common animals found in our municipality are the rabbit, the hare and the wild boar. In our town several pairs of black storks have been located, which due to the scarcity of specimens in the Peninsula and the tendency to decline in their numbers makes our dehesa an important ecosystem to conserve. Animals such as foxes, badgers or martens and a great diversity of aquatic birds, scavengers, diurnal and nocturnal birds of prey, various reptiles and a long etcetera make up the rest of the wild animals in the area.

BETWEEN CACERES, TRUJILLO AND MONTÁNCHEZ

Botija is located near the geographical center of Extremadura. It is among the lands of important cultural landmarks of Extremadura. Half an hour away we have Cáceres (World Heritage Site), the city of Trujillo and the head of the region: Montánchez.

BOTIJA OFFERS AN EXPERIENCE

This town has very interesting heritage, environmental and cultural aspects. The town is well preserved, maintaining the primitive appearance with which it was built. Well-built houses, solid constructions that allow you to disconnect from the daily hustle and bustle and live in harmony with nature.

in Biodiversity

The land is part of the peninullanura trujillano.cacereña. The gentle hills are only broken by the gorge formed by the Tamuja River and the many streams that flow into it.

Everything is a haven of peace and tranquility that transcends from nature to man.

and A Thrilling Story

The environment has been occupied since Neolithic times in small sites located in the area. But it will be in the Iron Age, around the fifth century BC when the events are overflowing, especially in the Castro de Villasviejas de Tamuja where there are traces of the ancient inhabitants of northern Extremadura: the Vettones. Also the intense Romanization of the entire region.

History is lived with good exponents, in some cases the best.